Vol. 4 No. 2 (2021): Jentera: Jurnal Hukum

The People’s Right To Clean Water As A Derivation of Human Rights in The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Fachriza Cakrafaksi Limuris
Faculty of Law University of Indonesia

Published 2021-12-31



Once the vital role of water, especially clean water in human life makes human access to water so important. Therefore, the right to clean water is an important part of human rights and is a bridge to other human rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights provides guidance on how human rights are respected, protected and fulfilled by countries in the world. The right to water actually contains freedoms and ownership rights. The freedom referred to here includes guarantees for access to safe drinking water and sanitation, non-discriminatory, as well as guarantees of no interference with access to available drinking water supplies. Meanwhile, ownership rights include rights to water supply systems and management that provide equal opportunities for people to enjoy water, the right to access safe drinking water in sufficient quantities as part of maintaining life and health, access to safe drinking water and sanitation in detention, as well as the right to participate in policy formulation at the national and local levels related to water issues. The research method used in this study is juridical normative. From this research it can be concluded that Indonesia which has ratified the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as a further elaboration of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights should recognize the right to safe water and clean as a human right. Prevention of clean water crisis is an important thing that must be a priority, especially after the promulgation of Act Number 17 of 2019 concerning Water Resources.

Keywords: the right to water, people's right to clean water, universal declaration of human rights, water crisis.